Aim: To evaluate the effect of NaOCl, EDTA and MTAD on the stress distribution and levels in roots with flared canals and three different aesthetic post systems using finite element stress analysis (FEA).
Methodology: Three-dimensional (3D) FEA models simulating a maxillary incisor with excessive structural loss and flared root canals were created. The dentine of the first models of each post group was assumed as homogenous, whereas the others were deemed as having their elastic modulus affected up to 100 μm deep as a result of irrigation protocol (5.25 NaOCl, 17% EDTA and MTAD for 2 h). A sound incisor tooth model was used as the control. Restorations were created according to the post system used (pre-fabricated fibre post (PFP)), polyethylene fibre (Ribbond) post and core build-up (RBP), and one-piece milled zirconia post and core (ZP). Ceramic crowns were added to the models. A 300-N static load was applied at the centre of the palatal surface of the models to calculate the stress distributions. The SolidWorks/Cosmosworks structural analysis programmes were used for FEA analysis. Results were presented by considering von Mises criteria.
Results: The analysis of the von Mises stresses revealed that RBP created less stress in the remaining root dentine when compared to PFP and ZP. ZP maintained the stresses inside its body and reduced stress on the palatal surface of the root; however, it forwarded more stress towards the apical area. NaOCl-, EDTA- and MTAD-treated dentine increased the stresses within the root structure regardless of the effect of the post system used (11-15.4 MPa for PFP, 9.5-13.02 MPa for RBP and 14.2 MPa for ZP). Amongst the irrigation solutions used, EDTA and MTAD increased the stresses more than NaOCl in all models. All the irrigation solutions showed the same stress levels and distributions in the ZP model.
Conclusion: NaOCl-, EDTA- and MTAD- treated dentine and a rigid post with high elastic modulus may increase fracture risk in roots with flared canals by increasing the stresses within root dentine. Therefore, solutions that alter the elastic modulus of dentine less (such as NaOCl) or an individually shaped post-core system constructed with a material that has an elastic modulus close to dentine (polyethylene fibre) should be used in weak roots.
Keywords: EDTA; MTAD; NaOCl; fibre post; finite element analysis; one-piece milled zirconia post.
© 2014 International Endodontic Journal. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.