In vitro and in vivo antioxidant activity of a fructan from the roots of Arctium lappa L

Int J Biol Macromol. 2014 Apr;65:446-53. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.01.062. Epub 2014 Feb 6.


To explore new antioxidant resource from food, a water-soluble polysaccharide (ALP1) was extracted and purified from the roots of Arctium lappa L. (A. lappa L.) through hot water extraction followed by ethanol precipitation, ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The antioxidant activity of ALP1 was then evaluated in vitro and in vivo. ALP1 was characterized as a fructan composed of fructose and glucose in the ratio of 13.0:1.0, with an average molecular weight of 4600 Da. The linkages in ALP1 were →1)-Fruf-(2→, Fruf-(2→ and Glcp-(1→. In vitro antioxidant assays demonstrated that ALP1 possessed moderate ABTS(+) scavenging activity, strong hydroxyl radical scavenging activity and strong ferrous ion chelating activity. In in vivo antioxidant assays, ALP1 administration significantly enhanced antioxidant enzyme activities and total antioxidant capacity, as well as decreased the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in both the serum and liver of aging mice. These results suggest that ALP1 has potential as a novel natural antioxidant in food industry and pharmaceuticals.

Keywords: Antioxidant activity; Arctium lappa L.; Fructan.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arctium / chemistry*
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Free Radical Scavengers / chemistry
  • Free Radical Scavengers / pharmacology*
  • Free Radicals / chemistry
  • Fructans / chemistry
  • Fructans / pharmacology*
  • Mice
  • Plant Roots / chemistry*


  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Free Radicals
  • Fructans