The development, feasibility and acceptability of an Internet-based STI-HIV prevention intervention for young Chilean women

Int Nurs Rev. 2014 Mar;61(1):55-63. doi: 10.1111/inr.12080.


Background: Young Chilean women between 18 and 24 years of age are at high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infection (STI) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The literature shows a shortage of STI-HIV prevention interventions focused on this specific high-risk population and a unique set of barriers to receiving prevention messages. Internet-based interventions are promising for delivering STI-HIV prevention interventions and avoiding barriers to services.

Aims: The study aimed to develop a culturally informed Internet-based STI-HIV prevention intervention for Chilean women between 18 and 24 years of age, to investigate its feasibility and acceptability, and to compile recommendations on what would make the intervention more acceptable and feasible for these women.

Methods: The development of the Internet intervention was facilitated by a process that featured consultation with content and technology experts. A pre-post test design was used to test the acceptability and feasibility of the intervention with 40 young Chilean women between 18 and 24 years of age.

Results: The intervention website consisted of four modules of content and activities that support learning. The intervention was feasible and acceptable for young Chilean women between 18 and 24 years of age.

Discussion and conclusion: This study demonstrated the value of engaging multiple expert panels to develop culturally informed and technology-based interventions. The results of this study support the feasibility and acceptability of conducting an Internet-based intervention with multiple sessions, yielding high participation rates in a population in which there are barriers to discussion of STI-HIV prevention and sex-related content.

Implications for nursing and health policy: The outcomes have implications for nursing education and clinical practice and they can be used for the legal and judicial systems to promote or reinforce policies that encourage STI-HIV prevention strategies among women.

Keywords: Developing Countries; HIV/AIDS; Hispanic; Infectious Diseases; Information Technology; Latina; Women's Studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Chile
  • Cultural Competency
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Young Adult