Munc18-1 is a dynamically regulated PKC target during short-term enhancement of transmitter release

Elife. 2014 Feb 11:3:e01715. doi: 10.7554/eLife.01715.

Abstract

Transmitter release at synapses is regulated by preceding neuronal activity, which can give rise to short-term enhancement of release like post-tetanic potentiation (PTP). Diacylglycerol (DAG) and Protein-kinase C (PKC) signaling in the nerve terminal have been widely implicated in the short-term modulation of transmitter release, but the target protein of PKC phosphorylation during short-term enhancement has remained unknown. Here, we use a gene-replacement strategy at the calyx of Held, a large CNS model synapse that expresses robust PTP, to study the molecular mechanisms of PTP. We find that two PKC phosphorylation sites of Munc18-1 are critically important for PTP, which identifies the presynaptic target protein for the action of PKC during PTP. Pharmacological experiments show that a phosphatase normally limits the duration of PTP, and that PTP is initiated by the action of a 'conventional' PKC isoform. Thus, a dynamic PKC phosphorylation/de-phosphorylation cycle of Munc18-1 drives short-term enhancement of transmitter release during PTP. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01715.001.

Keywords: calyx of Held; protein kinase C; protein phosphatase; synaptic plasticity; synaptic transmission; transmitter release.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Mice
  • Munc18 Proteins / metabolism*
  • Neurotransmitter Agents / metabolism*
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • Synapses / metabolism*

Substances

  • Munc18 Proteins
  • Neurotransmitter Agents
  • Stxbp1 protein, mouse
  • Protein Kinase C

Grants and funding

The funder had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.