Purpose: To evaluate the results of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection on contrast sensitivity (CS), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), foveal thickness (FT) and macular volume (MV) as measured by optical coherence tomography in patients with macular edema (ME) from central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).
Methods: Sixteen consecutive eyes from 16 patients with ME from unilateral CRVO were treated with a single IVB injection. The CS, BCVA, FT and MV measurements were obtained before the treatment and 1 and 3 months after the injection.
Results: CS demonstrated significant improvement at all spatial frequencies - 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 18 cycles per degree (cpd) - 1 month after the injection and at 6 cpd at the 3-month follow-up. The mean BCVA measurements in log of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) units improved from 1.03 at baseline to 0.83 logMAR 1 month after the injection, but worsened to 0.97 logMAR at 3 months. The mean baseline FT ± standard deviation (SD; 620.06 ± 177.60 µm) was reduced significantly 1 month (270.93 ± 74.17 µm) and 3 months (535.56 ± 222.33 µm) after the treatment. The mean baseline MV ± SD (12,765.56 ± 3,769.70 mm(3)) was reduced significantly at the 1-month (8,324.93 ± 932.04 mm(3)) and 3-month (11,319.44 ± 3,044.74 mm(3)) follow-up visits.
Conclusions: IVB improved CS, BCVA, FT and MV within a short time period (1 month). Although VA was not improved at 3 months, improvements were observed for CS, FT and MV, which indicates that, despite ME recurrence, there still was some benefit to visual function.
© 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.