Cognitive sequelae of traumatic brain injury

Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2014 Mar;37(1):1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2013.11.004. Epub 2014 Jan 14.


Cognitive dysfunction is the leading cause of disability following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This article provides a review of the cognitive sequelae of TBI, with a focus on deficits of executive functioning and everyday thinking skills. The pathophysiology, assessment, and treatment of TBI-related cognitive problems are also discussed.

Keywords: Concussion; Executive functioning; Neuropsychological assessment; Traumatic brain injury; mTBI.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Brain Injuries / physiopathology
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology*
  • Cognition Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods
  • Decision Making / physiology
  • Executive Function / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Recovery of Function
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Time Factors