Neuropsychiatry of pediatric traumatic brain injury

Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2014 Mar;37(1):125-40. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2013.11.003. Epub 2014 Jan 14.


Pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health problem. Psychiatric disorders with onset before the injury are more common than population base rates. Novel (postinjury onset) psychiatric disorders (NPD) are also common and complicate child function after injury. Novel disorders include personality change due to TBI, secondary attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, other disruptive behavior disorders, and internalizing disorders. This article reviews preinjury psychiatric disorders as well as biopsychosocial risk factors and treatments for NPD.

Keywords: Brain imaging; Novel psychiatric disorder; Pediatric traumatic brain injury; Review; Risk factors; Treatment.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Brain Injuries / pathology
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Mental Disorders / pathology
  • Mental Disorders / therapy
  • Neuropsychiatry*
  • Personality / physiology
  • Problem Solving
  • Psychotherapy
  • Risk Factors