Background: We studied the safety of use of acute reperfusion therapies in patients with stroke- on- awakening using a computed tomographic angiography (Cta) based large vessel occlusion-good scan paradigm in clinical routine.
Methods: the Cta database of the Calgary stroke program was reviewed for the period January 2003-March 2010. patients with stroke-on-awakening with large artery occlusions on Cta, who received conservative, iV thrombolytic and/or endovascular treatment at discretion of the attending stroke neurologist were analyzed. time of onset was defined by the time last seen or known to be normal. Baseline non-contrast Ct scan (nCCt) alberta Stroke program early Ct Score (aSpeCtS) > 7 was considered a good scan. hemorrhage was defined on follow-up brain imaging using eCaSS 3 criteria. independence (mrS≤2) at three months was considered a good clinical outcome. Standard descriptive statistics and multivariable analysis were done.
Results: among 532 patients with large artery occlusions, 70 patients with stroke-on-awakening (13.1%) were identified. the median age was 69.5 (iQr 24) and 41 (58.6%) were female; 41 (58.6%) received anti-platelets only and 29 (41.4%) received thrombolytic treatment [iV-12 (17.1%), iV/ia-12 (17.1%) and ia-5(7.1%)]. unadjusted analysis showed that baseline nCCt aSpeCtS ≤ 7 (p=0.002) and higher nihSS scores (p=0.018) were associated with worse outcomes. there were no ph2 hemorrhages in the iV thrombolytic or endovascular treated group. functional outcome was not different by treatment.
Conclusion: When carefully selected using Ct –Cta, by a good scan (aSpeCtS > 7) occlusion paradigm, acute reperfusion therapies in patients with stroke-on-awakening can be performed safely in clinical routine.