Tuberculosis in children

J Paediatr Child Health. 2014 Oct;50(10):759-67. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12503. Epub 2014 Feb 19.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a major, but often unrecognised, cause of disease and death in young children from countries with high TB incidence rates among adults. It is also relevant to paediatricians in low-incidence countries, such as Australia, because of increased international travel, immigration and refugee resettlement. This manuscript provides a brief overview of the global TB disease burden, the natural history of disease in children, and offers guidance on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of TB in children.

Keywords: childhood; paediatric; tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Distribution
  • Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communicable Disease Control / methods*
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Female
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / organization & administration
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Distribution
  • Survival Rate
  • Tuberculosis / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis / drug therapy
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology*


  • Antitubercular Agents