Locust bean gum: processing, properties and food applications--a review

Int J Biol Macromol. 2014 May:66:74-80. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.02.017. Epub 2014 Feb 16.


Locust bean gum or carob gum is a galactomannan obtained from seed endosperm of carob tree i.e. Ceratonia siliqua. It is widely utilized as an additive in various industries such as food, pharmaceuticals, paper, textile, oil well drilling and cosmetics. Industrial applications of locust bean gum are due to its ability to form hydrogen bonding with water molecule. It is also beneficial in the control of many health problems like diabetes, bowel movements, heart disease and colon cancer due to its dietary fiber action. This article focuses on production, processing, composition, properties, food applications and health benefits of locust bean gum.

Keywords: Carob bean gum; Dietary fiber; Food application; Locust bean gum; Properties.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Fabaceae / chemistry
  • Food
  • Galactans / chemistry*
  • Galactose / analogs & derivatives
  • Humans
  • Mannans / chemistry*
  • Plant Gums / chemistry*
  • Seeds / chemistry


  • Galactans
  • Mannans
  • Plant Gums
  • galactomannan
  • locust bean gum
  • Galactose