Potential oil yield, fatty acid composition, and oxidation stability of the hempseed oil from four Cannabis sativa L. cultivars

J Diet Suppl. 2015 Mar;12(1):1-10. doi: 10.3109/19390211.2014.887601. Epub 2014 Feb 19.


The cultivation of four industrial hemp cultivars (Felina 32, Chamaeleon, Uso31, and Finola) was investigated for oil production in the north-east of Italy along two years. The oils of all cultivars resulted in rich amount of linoleic acid (ω-6) and α-linolenic acid (ω-3). Felina 32 and Chamaeleon oils exhibited the highest amount of linoleic acid (59%) and α-linolenic acid (18%). Finola and Uso31 oils resulted in the richest of γ-linolenic acid (5-6%). All hempseed oils presented high oxidation stability and an acceptable initial quality. It is suggested that these oils can be used to produce EFA dietary supplements high in ω-6 and ω-3 of vegetal origin.

Keywords: Cannabis sativa L.; cultivar; essential fatty acids; hempseed oil; oxidation stability.

MeSH terms

  • Cannabis / chemistry*
  • Cannabis / classification
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Linoleic Acid / analysis*
  • Lipid Peroxidation*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Plant Oils / analysis*
  • Seeds / chemistry*
  • Species Specificity
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid / analysis*
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid / analysis*


  • Plant Oils
  • alpha-Linolenic Acid
  • gamma-Linolenic Acid
  • Linoleic Acid