Epilepsy related to traumatic brain injury

Neurotherapeutics. 2014 Apr;11(2):286-96. doi: 10.1007/s13311-014-0260-7.


Post-traumatic epilepsy accounts for 10-20% of symptomatic epilepsy in the general population and 5% of all epilepsy. During the last decade, an increasing number of laboratories have investigated the molecular and cellular mechanisms of post-traumatic epileptogenesis in experimental models. However, identification of critical molecular, cellular, and network mechanisms that would be specific for post-traumatic epileptogenesis remains a challenge. Despite of that, 7 of 9 proof-of-concept antiepileptogenesis studies have demonstrated some effect on seizure susceptibility after experimental traumatic brain injury, even though none of them has progressed to clinic. Moreover, there has been some promise that new clinically translatable imaging approaches can identify biomarkers for post-traumatic epileptogenesis. Even though the progress in combating post-traumatic epileptogenesis happens in small steps, recent discoveries kindle hope for identification of treatment strategies to prevent post-traumatic epilepsy in at-risk patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomarkers
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Epilepsy / drug therapy
  • Epilepsy / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Rats


  • Biomarkers