Mixed-organic-cation perovskite photovoltaics for enhanced solar-light harvesting

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2014 Mar 17;53(12):3151-7. doi: 10.1002/anie.201309361. Epub 2014 Feb 19.


Hybrid organic-inorganic lead halide perovskite APbX3 pigments, such as methylammonium lead iodide, have recently emerged as excellent light harvesters in solid-state mesoscopic solar cells. An important target for the further improvement of the performance of perovskite-based photovoltaics is to extend their optical-absorption onset further into the red to enhance solar-light harvesting. Herein, we show that this goal can be reached by using a mixture of formamidinium (HN=CHNH3 (+), FA) and methylammonium (CH3 NH3 (+), MA) cations in the A position of the APbI3 perovskite structure. This combination leads to an enhanced short-circuit current and thus superior devices to those based on only CH3 NH3 (+). This concept has not been applied previously in perovskite-based solar cells. It shows great potential as a versatile tool to tune the structural, electrical, and optoelectronic properties of the light-harvesting materials.

Keywords: energy conversion; light harvesting; organic cations; perovskite solar cells; photovoltaics.