Artificial neural network-genetic algorithm based optimization for the adsorption of methylene blue and brilliant green from aqueous solution by graphite oxide nanoparticle

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 May 5;125:264-77. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2013.12.082. Epub 2014 Jan 18.


In this study, graphite oxide (GO) nano according to Hummers method was synthesized and subsequently was used for the removal of methylene blue (MB) and brilliant green (BG). The detail information about the structure and physicochemical properties of GO are investigated by different techniques such as XRD and FTIR analysis. The influence of solution pH, initial dye concentration, contact time and adsorbent dosage was examined in batch mode and optimum conditions was set as pH=7.0, 2 mg of GO and 10 min contact time. Employment of equilibrium isotherm models for description of adsorption capacities of GO explore the good efficiency of Langmuir model for the best presentation of experimental data with maximum adsorption capacity of 476.19 and 416.67 for MB and BG dyes in single solution. The analysis of adsorption rate at various stirring times shows that both dyes adsorption followed a pseudo second-order kinetic model with cooperation with interparticle diffusion model. Subsequently, the adsorption data as new combination of artificial neural network was modeled to evaluate and obtain the real conditions for fast and efficient removal of dyes. A three-layer artificial neural network (ANN) model is applicable for accurate prediction of dyes removal percentage from aqueous solution by GO following conduction of 336 experimental data. The network was trained using the obtained experimental data at optimum pH with different GO amount (0.002-0.008 g) and 5-40 mg/L of both dyes over contact time of 0.5-30 min. The ANN model was able to predict the removal efficiency with Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm (LMA), a linear transfer function (purelin) at output layer and a tangent sigmoid transfer function (tansig) at hidden layer with 10 and 11 neurons for MB and BG dyes, respectively. The minimum mean squared error (MSE) of 0.0012 and coefficient of determination (R(2)) of 0.982 were found for prediction and modeling of MB removal, while the respective value for BG was the MSE and R(2) of 0.001 and 0.981, respectively. The ANN model results show good agreement with experimental data.

Keywords: Artificial neural network (ANN); Cationic dyes removal; Graphite oxide; Kinetics and isotherm study.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Algorithms*
  • Diffusion
  • Graphite / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Methylene Blue / chemistry*
  • Nanoparticles / chemistry*
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds / chemistry*
  • Solutions
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors
  • X-Ray Diffraction


  • Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
  • Solutions
  • Graphite
  • brilliant green
  • Methylene Blue