Neuroblastoma (NB) is a paediatric solid tumour which originates from sympathetic nervous tissues. Deletions in chromosome 1p are frequently found in unfavourable NBs and are correlated with v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma derived homolog (MYCN) amplification; however, it remains to be elucidated how the 1p loss contributes to MYCN-related oncogenic processes in NB. In this study, we identified the role of Dnmt1-associated protein 1 (DMAP1), coded on chromosome 1p34, in the processes. We studied the expression and function of DMAP1 in NB and found that low-level expression of DMAP1 related to poor prognosis, unfavourable histology and 1p Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of primary NB samples. Intriguingly, DMAP1 induced ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) phosphorylation and focus formation in the presence of a DNA damage reagent, doxorubicin. By DMAP1 expression in NB and fibroblasts, p53 was activated in an ATM-dependent manner and p53-downstream pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family molecules were induced at the mRNA level, resulting in p53-induced apoptotic death. BAX and p21(Cip1/Waf1) promoter activity dependent on p53 was clearly up-regulated by DMAP1. Further, MYCN transduction in MYCN single-copy NB cells accelerated doxorubicin (Doxo)-induced apoptotic cell death; MYCN is implicated in DMAP1 protein stabilisation and ATM phosphorylation in these situations. DMAP1 knockdown attenuated MYCN-dependent ATM phosphorylation and NB cell apoptosis. Together, DMAP1 appears to be a new candidate for a 1p tumour suppressor and its reduction contributes to NB tumourigenesis via inhibition of MYCN-related ATM/p53 pathway activation.
Keywords: ATM; DMAP1; MYCN; Neuroblastoma; p53.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.