Hallux valgus

Med Clin North Am. 2014 Mar;98(2):227-32. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2013.10.007. Epub 2013 Dec 8.


Hallux valgus is a common foot problem whose cause and progression is multifactorial, complex, and poorly known. Hallux valgus shows a predilection toward women. It is a progressive disorder with no treatment known to slow or stop progression. Surgery is indicated in healthy individuals when nonoperative measures fail. Adverse effects of surgery include infection and recurrence. Many procedures have been described, including soft tissue and bony reconstruction of the first ray. The procedure that is indicated depends on the severity of the deformity.

Keywords: Bunion; Hallux valgus; Metatarsus primus varus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Disease Management
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Hallux Valgus* / diagnosis
  • Hallux Valgus* / epidemiology
  • Hallux Valgus* / etiology
  • Hallux Valgus* / physiopathology
  • Hallux Valgus* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metatarsophalangeal Joint* / diagnostic imaging
  • Metatarsophalangeal Joint* / physiopathology
  • Metatarsophalangeal Joint* / surgery
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods*
  • Radiography
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Shoes / adverse effects*
  • Weight-Bearing / physiology*