Spatial coding and attractor dynamics of grid cells in the entorhinal cortex

Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2014 Apr;25:169-75. doi: 10.1016/j.conb.2014.01.013. Epub 2014 Feb 20.

Abstract

Recent experiments support the theoretical hypothesis that recurrent connectivity plays a central role within the medial entorhinal cortex, by shaping activity of large neural populations, such that their joint activity lies within a continuous attractor. This conjecture involves dynamics within each population (module) of cells that share the same grid spacing. In addition, recent theoretical works raise a hypothesis that, taken together, grid cells from all modules maintain a sophisticated representation of position with uniquely large dynamical range, when compared with other known neural codes in the brain. To maintain such a code, activity in different modules must be coupled, within the entorhinal cortex or through the hippocampus.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Entorhinal Cortex / cytology
  • Entorhinal Cortex / physiology*
  • Nerve Net / cytology
  • Nerve Net / physiology*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Space Perception / physiology*