Breast cancer surveillance programs for the general population are not adequate for the small number of women with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome. Breast cancer screening for women in Germany starts at the age of 50 years, but nearly half of all women with familial risk are already diagnosed with breast cancer at that time. Moreover, mammography alone is not suitable for an early diagnosis of breast cancer in young women from high-risk families. Their typical dense breast tissue causes a high rate of false-negative cases. Therefore, national and international prospective clinical trials were initiated to offer a multimodal breast cancer surveillance program including magnetic resonance tomography for the breast and semi-annual screening intervals to women with BRCA1/2 mutations and those from high-risk families who tested negative for BRCA1/2 mutations. This program will currently be evaluated by the 15 centers of the German Consortium for Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer.