Types of Salmonella paratyphi B and their phylogenetic significance

J Med Microbiol. 1988 Aug;26(4):285-93. doi: 10.1099/00222615-26-4-285.

Abstract

The substrates inositol, rhamnose, d-tartrate and m-tartrate used in fermentation tests with 338 cultures of Salmonella paratyphi B differentiated strains in some phage types to give information that could be used in epidemiological investigations. Xylose in Bitter's medium, the fifth substrate by which 13 of a potential 32 biotypes were identified, differentiated few cultures with the negative character. The possession of a specific type of outer-membrane protein receptor for colicin M or bacteriophage ES18 and the particular type of ribosomal ribonucleic acid present, defined three groups among the phage-typed and biotyped cultures. The possibility that the serotype S. paratyphi B contains clones of different phylogenetic origin and the consequent implications for nomenclature are discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriophage Typing
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Colicins / biosynthesis
  • Colicins / pharmacology
  • Fermentation
  • Humans
  • Paratyphoid Fever / microbiology
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Bacterial / classification
  • RNA, Ribosomal / classification
  • Salmonella / classification*
  • Salmonella Phages
  • Salmonella paratyphi B / classification*
  • Salmonella paratyphi B / isolation & purification
  • Salmonella paratyphi B / metabolism

Substances

  • Colicins
  • RNA, Bacterial
  • RNA, Ribosomal