Background: Few anaphylaxis education materials have been prospectively evaluated in randomized controlled trials.
Objective: Our objective was to evaluate the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Anaphylaxis Wallet Card (AAAAI-AWC) as an anaphylaxis education mini-handout for health care professionals.
Methods: We performed a randomized controlled study of the AAAAI-AWC with residents in general pediatrics at Miami Children's Hospital. Participants in the intervention group completed a pretest about anaphylaxis, heard a 3-minute PowerPoint presentation based on the AAAAI-AWC, reviewed the AAAAI-AWC, and discussed it with the presenter. After this, participants took a post-test immediately and a follow-up test 4 weeks later. Participants in the control group took the pretest, were handed an AAAAI-AWC, studied it briefly, then took the post-test immediately and the follow-up test 4 weeks later.
Results: Fifty-five residents participated. Regardless of the amount of time spent studying the AAAAI-AWC, when the pretests were compared with the post-tests and follow-up tests, residents in both the intervention and control groups were more likely to recognize anaphylaxis symptoms (P < .05), name asthma as the most common comorbid disease in children with fatal or near-fatal anaphylaxis (P < .05), and recall the names of epinephrine auto injectors (P < .05) and the epinephrine doses available in these auto injectors (P < .05). When the pretests were compared with the post-tests and the follow-up tests, residents in the intervention group were more likely than controls to identify the body organ systems involved in severe or fatal anaphylaxis correctly (P < .05).
Conclusion: The AAAAI-AWC is a practical, concise anaphylaxis education mini-handout for pediatric residents, a time-challenged group of health care professionals.
Keywords: Action plan; Acute systemic allergic reaction; Adrenaline; Anaphylaxis; Anaphylaxis education; Epinephrine; Food allergy.
Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.