ATTEND: toward a mindfulness-based bereavement care model

Death Stud. 2012 Jan;36(1):61-82. doi: 10.1080/07481187.2011.591275.


Few, if any, mindfulness-based bereavement care models exist. The ATTEND (attunement, trust, touch, egalitarianism, nuance, and death education) model is an interdisciplinary paradigm for providers, including physicians, social workers, therapists, nursing staff and others. Using a case example to enhance the breadth and depth of understanding, this article focuses on attunement as a means to moderate the negative effects of traumatic bereavement, support the framework for posttraumatic growth in the bereaved, improve psychological outcomes for providers, and set the stage for the other aspects of the ATTEND model.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bereavement*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Countertransference
  • Curriculum
  • Empathy
  • Female
  • Grief
  • Humans
  • Interdisciplinary Communication*
  • Mindfulness* / education
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Mother-Child Relations
  • Physician-Patient Relations
  • Psychotherapy* / education
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Touch
  • Trust