Strigolactone analog GR24 triggers changes in PIN2 polarity, vesicle trafficking and actin filament architecture

New Phytol. 2014 Jun;202(4):1184-1196. doi: 10.1111/nph.12744. Epub 2014 Feb 25.


Strigolactones (SLs) are plant hormones that regulate shoot and root development in a MAX2-dependent manner. The mechanism underlying SLs' effects on roots is unclear. We used root hair elongation to measure root response to SLs. We examined the effects of GR24 (a synthetic, biologically active SL analog) on localization of the auxin efflux transporter PIN2, endosomal trafficking, and F-actin architecture and dynamics in the plasma membrane (PM) of epidermal cells of the primary root elongation zone in wildtype (WT) Arabidopsis and the SL-insensitive mutant max2. We also recorded the response to GR24 of trafficking (tir3), actin (der1) and PIN2 (eir1) mutants. GR24 increased polar localization of PIN2 in the PM of epidermal cells and accumulation of PIN2-containing brefeldin A (BFA) bodies, increased ARA7-labeled endosomal trafficking, reduced F-actin bundling and enhanced actin dynamics, all in a MAX2-dependent manner. Most of the der1 and tir3 mutant lines also displayed reduced sensitivity to GR24 with respect to root hair elongation. We suggest that SLs increase PIN2 polar localization, PIN2 endocytosis, endosomal trafficking, actin debundling and actin dynamics in a MAX2-dependent fashion. This enhancement might underlie the WT root's response to SLs, and suggests noncell autonomous activity of SLs in roots.

Keywords: PIN2; actin; endocytosis; endosomal trafficking; max2; plasma membrane; root; strigolactone.

MeSH terms

  • Actin Cytoskeleton / genetics
  • Actin Cytoskeleton / metabolism*
  • Arabidopsis / cytology
  • Arabidopsis / drug effects*
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / genetics
  • Arabidopsis Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Endocytosis
  • Endosomes / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring / pharmacology*
  • Lactones / pharmacology*
  • Mutation
  • Plant Roots / cytology
  • Plant Roots / drug effects
  • Plant Roots / genetics
  • Plant Roots / metabolism
  • Protein Transport
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • GR24 strigolactone
  • Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring
  • Lactones
  • PIN2 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins