Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) is a major polyphenolic compound in green tea. It has been known that EGCG regulates the secretion of cytokines and the activation of skin cells during wound healing. In this study, various concentrations of EGCG were added to the electrospun membranes composed of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), and its healing effects on full-thickness wounds created in nude mice were investigated. The electrospun membranes containing 5 wt% EGCG (5EGCG/PLGA membrane) exhibited cytotoxicity in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) as HDF morphologies were transformed on them. In the animal study, cell infiltration of mice treated with electrospun membranes containing 1 wt% EGCG (1EGCG/PLGA membrane) significantly increased after 2 weeks. The immunoreactivity of Ki-67 (re-epithelialization at the wound site) and CD 31 (formation of blood vessels) also increased in the mice treated with 1EGCG/PLGA membranes in comparison with the mice treated with PLGA membranes. These results suggest that 1EGCG/PLGA can enhance wound healing in full thickness by accelerating cell infiltration, re-epithelialization, and angiogenesis.
Keywords: Electrospinning; Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate; Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid); Temporary wound dressing; Wound healing.
Copyright © 2013 International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.