Cooperative modulation of [3H]MK-801 binding to the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-ion channel complex by L-glutamate, glycine, and polyamines

J Neurochem. 1988 Sep;51(3):830-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1988.tb01818.x.


In extensively washed rat cortical membranes [3H](+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5 H-dibenzo [a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine ([3H]MK-801) labeled a homogeneous set of sites (Bmax = 1.86 pmol/mg protein) with relatively low affinity (KD = 45 nM). L-Glutamate, glycine, and spermidine produced concentration-dependent increases in specific [3H]MK-801 binding due to a reduction in the KD of the radioligand. In the presence of high concentrations of L-glutamate, glycine, or spermidine, the KD values for [3H]MK-801 were reduced to 11 nM, 18 nM, and 15 nM, respectively. Maximally effective concentrations of combinations of the three compounds further increased [3H]MK-801 binding affinity as follows: L-glutamate + glycine, KD = 6.2 nM; L-glutamate + spermidine, KD = 2.2 nM; glycine + spermidine, KD = 8.3 nM. High concentrations of spermidine did not inhibit either [3H]glycine orf [3H]3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonic acid binding to the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex. The concentration of L-glutamate required to produce half-maximal enhancement (EC50) of [3H]MK-801 binding was reduced from 218 nM to 52 nM in the presence of 30 microM glycine and to 41 nM in the presence of 50 microM spermidine. The EC50 value for glycine enhancement of [3H]MK-801 binding was 184 nM. This was lowered to 47 nM in the presence of L-glutamate and to 59 nM in the presence of spermidine. Spermidine enhanced [3H]MK-801 binding with an EC50 value of 19.4 microM which was significantly reduced by high concentrations of L-glutamate (EC50 = 3.9 microM) or glycine (EC50 = 6.2 microM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Dibenzocycloheptenes / metabolism*
  • Dizocilpine Maleate
  • Drug Synergism
  • Glutamates / pharmacology*
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Glycine / pharmacology*
  • Ion Channels / metabolism*
  • Polyamines / pharmacology*
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter / metabolism*


  • Amino Acids
  • Dibenzocycloheptenes
  • Glutamates
  • Ion Channels
  • Polyamines
  • Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Dizocilpine Maleate
  • Glycine