Assessing the reporting quality in abstracts of randomized controlled trials in leading journals of oral implantology

J Evid Based Dent Pract. 2014 Mar;14(1):9-15. doi: 10.1016/j.jebdp.2013.10.018. Epub 2013 Dec 19.


Aim: Abstracts of randomized clinical trials are extremely important as trial appraisal is often based on the information included here. The objective of this study was to assess the quality of the reporting of RCT abstracts in journals of Oral Implantology.

Material and methods: Six leading Implantology journals were screened for RCTs between years 2008 and 2012. A 21-item modified CONSORT for abstracts checklist was used to examine the completeness of abstract reporting. Descriptive statistics and linear regression modeling were employed for data analysis.

Results: One hundred and sixty three RCT abstracts were included in this study. The majority of the RCTs were published in the Clinical Oral Implants Research (42.9%). The mean overall reporting quality score was 58.6% (95% CI: 57.6-59.7). The highest score was noted in the European Journal of Oral Implantology (63.8%; 95% CI: 61.8-65.8). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that abstract quality score was related to publication journal and number of research centers involved. Most abstracts adequately reported interventions (89.0%), objectives (77.9%) and conclusions (74.8%) while failed to report randomization procedures, allocation concealment, effect estimate, confidence intervals, and funding. Registration of RCTs was not reported in any of the abstracts.

Conclusions: The reporting quality in abstracts of RCTs published in Oral Implantology journals needs to be improved. Editors and authors should be encouraged to endorse the CONSORT for abstracts guidelines in order to achieve optimal quality in abstract reporting.

Keywords: Abstracts; Clinical trials; Implantology; Reporting.

MeSH terms

  • Abstracting and Indexing / standards*
  • Checklist
  • Dental Implantation*
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Intention to Treat Analysis
  • Periodicals as Topic*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic* / standards
  • Registries
  • Research Design / standards
  • Research Subjects