First clinical uterus transplantation trial: a six-month report

Fertil Steril. 2014 May;101(5):1228-36. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.02.024. Epub 2014 Feb 27.


Objective: To report the 6-month results of the first clinical uterus transplantation (UTx) trial. This type of transplantation may become a treatment of absolute uterine-factor infertility (AUFI).

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: University hospital.

Patient(s): Nine AUFI women and their live uterine donors, the majority being mothers.

Intervention(s): Live-donor UTx and low-dose induction immunosuppression.

Main outcome measure(s): Data from preoperative investigations, surgery and follow-up for 6 months.

Result(s): Durations of donor and recipient surgery ranged from 10 to 13 hours and from 4 to 6 hours, respectively. No immediate perioperative complications occurred in any of the recipients. After 6 months, seven uteri remained viable with regular menses. Mild rejection episodes occurred in four of these patients. These rejection episodes were effectively reversed by corticosteroid boluses. The two graft losses were because of acute bilateral thrombotic uterine artery occlusions and persistent intrauterine infection.

Conclusion(s): The results demonstrate the feasibility of live-donor UTx with a low-dose immunosuppressive protocol.

Clinical trial registration number: NCT01844362.

Keywords: Infertility; human; transplantation; uterus.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ABO Blood-Group System / blood
  • ABO Blood-Group System / immunology
  • Adult
  • Blood Group Incompatibility / blood
  • Blood Group Incompatibility / immunology
  • Blood Group Incompatibility / prevention & control
  • Cohort Studies
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Graft Rejection / epidemiology
  • Graft Rejection / immunology
  • Graft Rejection / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Infertility, Female / drug therapy
  • Infertility, Female / epidemiology
  • Infertility, Female / surgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tissue Transplantation / methods*
  • Uterus / immunology
  • Uterus / transplantation*


  • ABO Blood-Group System
  • Immunosuppressive Agents

Associated data