Aim: The aim of this study is to validate high-resolution endovaginal T2- and diffusion-weighted MRI measurements (tumour size, volume and length of uninvolved cervical canal) against histology in patients undergoing trachelectomy.
Patients/interventions: 55 consecutive patients 25-44 years with cervical cancer being considered for trachelectomy were prospectively assessed with endovaginal T2-W and diffusion-weighted MRI. Two independent observers blinded to histology recorded maximum tumour dimension, volume and distance from the superior aspect of the tumour to the internal os. Following trachelectomy, pathologist-outlined tumour sections were photographed with a set scale and similar measurements were recorded.
Results: Fifteen of 45 patients subsequently treated with fertility-sparing surgery had residual tumour (median histological volume: 0.28 cm(3), IQR=0.14-1.06 cm(3)). Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values for detecting tumour: Observer 1: 86.7%, 80.0%, 68.4%, and 92.3%, respectively; Observer 2: 86.7%, 90.0%, 81.0%, and 93.1%, respectively. Size and volume correlated between observers (r=0.96, 0.84, respectively, p<0.0001). Size correlated between each observer and histology (observer 1 r=0.91, p<0.0001; observer 2 r=0.93, p<0.0001), volume did not (observer 1: r=0.08, p=0.6; observer 2: r=0.21, p=0.16); however, differences between observer measurements and histology were not significant (size p=0.09, volume p=0.15). Differences between MRI and histology estimates of endocervical canal length were not significant (p=0.1 both observers).
Conclusion: In subcentimetre cervical cancers, endovaginal MRI correlates with pathology and is invaluable in assessing patients for fertility-sparing surgery.
Keywords: Cervical cancer; Endovaginal; Fertility-sparing; MRI; Trachelectomy; Volume.
Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.