An in-depth review on the medicinal flora Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae)

Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment. Jan-Mar 2013;12(1):61-73.

Abstract

Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) is a common household plant which belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is grown in many parts of the world. It is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple or blue flowers. The two most commonly grown hardy Rosemaries are Rosmarinus officinalis 'Arp' and R. officinalis 'Madelene Hill' (syn. 'Hill Hardy'). The other cultivars of the plant are R. officinalis 'Albus', R. officinalis 'Bendenen Blue', R. officinalis 'Goodwin Creek', R. officinalis 'Herb Cottage', R. officinalis 'Logee's Light Blue', R. officinalis 'Miss Jessup's Upright', R. officinalis 'Russian River', R. officinalis 'Salem'. The chemical constituents include bitter principle, resin, tannic acid, volatile oils and fl avonoids. The volatile oil consists of borneol, bornyl acetate, camphene, cineol, pinene and camphor. It is used for problems involved in central nervous system, cardio vascular system, genito urinary conditions, liver treatments, reproductive system and respiratory system. The volatile oil of the plant is used in oils and lotions for the treatment of various ailments like arthritis, gout, muscular pain, neuralgia, wound and rubbed into hair for stimulating the hair bulbs to renewed activity, to prevent premature baldness.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bicyclic Monoterpenes
  • Camphanes / analysis
  • Camphor / analysis
  • Cyclohexanols / analysis
  • Eucalyptol
  • Monoterpenes / analysis
  • Oils, Volatile / analysis*
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plants, Medicinal / chemistry
  • Rosmarinus / chemistry*
  • Rosmarinus / classification
  • Terpenes / analysis*

Substances

  • Bicyclic Monoterpenes
  • Camphanes
  • Cyclohexanols
  • Monoterpenes
  • Oils, Volatile
  • Plant Extracts
  • Terpenes
  • bornyl acetate
  • Camphor
  • camphene
  • isoborneol
  • Eucalyptol