Cohort Profile: Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Feb;44(1):68-75. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyu027. Epub 2014 Feb 27.


Chronic diseases are a global problem, yet information on their determinants is generally scant in low- and middle-income countries. The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) aims to contribute relevant information regarding the development and progression of clinical and subclinical chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, in one such setting. At Visit 1, we enrolled 15 105 civil servants from predefined universities or research institutes. Baseline assessment (2008-10) included detailed interviews and measurements to assess social and biological determinants of health, as well as various clinical and subclinical conditions related to diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and mental health. A second visit of interviews and examinations is under way (2012-14) to enrich the assessment of cohort exposures and to detect initial incident events. Annual surveillance has been conducted since 2009 for the ascertainment of incident events. Biological samples (sera, plasma, urine and DNA) obtained at both visits have been placed in long-term storage. Baseline data are available for analyses, and collaboration via specific research proposals directed to study investigators is welcome.

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases; chronic diseases; cohort studies; developing countries; diabetes mellitus; obesity; occupational health; social determinants of health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Antidepressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Anxiety / drug therapy
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Benzodiazepines / therapeutic use
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Weight
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Depression / drug therapy
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Female
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors


  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Lipids
  • Benzodiazepines