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, 17 (3), 305-11

Neuropeptides in Interscapular and Perirenal Brown Adipose Tissue in the Rat: A Plurality of Innervation

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Neuropeptides in Interscapular and Perirenal Brown Adipose Tissue in the Rat: A Plurality of Innervation

D Norman et al. J Neurocytol.

Abstract

The occurrence of neuropeptides in rat brown adipose tissue has been investigated. Immunohistochemical studies on interscapular and perirenal brown fat have demonstrated unequivocally the presence of substance-P (SP)-like, neuropeptide-Y (NPY)-like and calcitonin gene related-peptide (CGRP)-like immunoreactive elements (putative nerves) in adventitial distribution on inter- and intralobular supply arteries and in accompanying nerve bundles. At a more peripheral level, some NPY-like immunoreactive elements and a greater number of CGRP-like immunoreactive elements were observed in the parenchymal field. Somatostatin, bombesin, neurotensin, enkephalin, and vasoactive-intestinal-polypeptide immunoreactivities were not detected. No differences in neuropeptide distribution were noted between interscapular and perirenal brown fat. There is a degree of coincident distribution of SP, NPY and CGRP with that of noradrenergic nervous elements as visualized by condensation histochemistry. Since after 6-hydroxydopamine treatment not all the nerve terminals in rat brown adipose tissue are stigmatized (earlier report), the present results have been discussed in the light of a possible pluralism in innervation of brown adipose tissue.

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