Towards using NMR to screen for spoiled tomatoes stored in 1,000 L, aseptically sealed, metal-lined totes

Sensors (Basel). 2014 Mar 3;14(3):4167-76. doi: 10.3390/s140304167.


Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is used to track factory relevant tomato paste spoilage. It was found that spoilage in tomato paste test samples leads to longer spin lattice relaxation times T1 using a conventional low magnetic field NMR system. The increase in T1 value for contaminated samples over a five day room temperature exposure period prompted the work to be extended to the study of industry standard, 1,000 L, non-ferrous, metal-lined totes. NMR signals and T1 values were recovered from a large format container with a single-sided NMR sensor. The results of this work suggest that a handheld NMR device can be used to study tomato paste spoilage in factory process environments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Food Packaging*
  • Food Quality*
  • Metals / chemistry*
  • Preservation, Biological*
  • Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*
  • Solanum lycopersicum / chemistry*
  • Sterilization*


  • Metals