Acute ischemic stroke and hyperglycemia

Crit Care Nurs Q. 2014 Apr-Jun;37(2):182-7. doi: 10.1097/CNQ.0000000000000015.


To increase the comprehension about the profound effects of hyperglycemia within the first 48 hours poststroke on the outcomes of acute ischemic stroke, the authors reviewed multiple studies and literature reviews. Research supports the detrimental effects of hyperglycemia on the morbidity and mortality of patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke. The studies that were examined revealed that although further research is necessary, controlling hyperglycemia is overall beneficial to support superior clinical outcomes. The purpose of this article was to discuss the importance of not only glucose control but also the vital role of nurses in controlling glucose levels efficiently and immediately during the first 48 hours poststroke.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnosis
  • Brain Ischemia / epidemiology*
  • Brain Ischemia / nursing
  • Cause of Death
  • Comorbidity
  • Critical Care Nursing / methods
  • Critical Illness / therapy
  • Female
  • Hospital Mortality*
  • Humans
  • Hyperglycemia / blood
  • Hyperglycemia / epidemiology*
  • Hyperglycemia / nursing
  • Incidence
  • Intensive Care Units*
  • Male
  • Needs Assessment
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prognosis
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Stroke / diagnosis
  • Stroke / epidemiology*
  • Stroke / nursing
  • Survival Analysis


  • Blood Glucose