By using a Trypanosoma brucei alpha-tubulin cDNA probe under reduced stringency hybridization conditions, we have isolated two genomic clones that constitute portions of alpha-tubulin genes of the rodent malarial parasite Plasmodium yoelii. P. yoelii has two alpha-tubulin genes, the 3' portions of which were present in the two clones, Py alpha T1 and Py alpha T2, containing 1.3 kb and 6.6 kb EcoRI fragments respectively. The 1358 bp Py alpha T1 clone was completely sequenced and found to contain 591 nucleotides of uninterrupted coding sequence with a strong bias for AT-rich codons, starting with codon 254 of a consensus alpha-tubulin sequence. Numerous attempts to clone 5' portions of these genes were unsuccessful. A single mRNA of 2.3 kb was recognized by both the clones in the erythrocytic stages of P. yoelii. A probe constituting the untranslated sequences of Py alpha T1 also recognized this RNA but failed to hybridize with Py alpha T2 sequences, indicating that the gene represented by the Py alpha T1 clone was expressed during the erythrocytic stages. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Py alpha T1 gene terminates in Tyr-Glu instead of Glu-Tyr observed in alpha-tubulins of almost all other organisms. The difference observed may have implications for alpha-tubulin metabolism in malarial parasites.