CLIA program and HIPAA privacy rule; patients' access to test reports. Final rule

Fed Regist. 2014 Feb 6;79(25):7289-316.


This final rule amends the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA) regulations to specify that, upon the request of a patient (or the patient's personal representative), laboratories subject to CLIA may provide the patient, the patient's personal representative, or a person designated by the patient, as applicable, with copies of completed test reports that, using the laboratory's authentication process, can be identified as belonging to that patient. Subject to conforming amendments, the final rule retains the existing provisions that require release of test reports only to authorized persons and, if applicable, to the persons responsible for using the test reports and to the laboratory that initially requested the test. In addition, this final rule amends the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy Rule to provide individuals (or their personal representatives) with the right to access test reports directly from laboratories subject to HIPAA (and to direct that copies of those test reports be transmitted to persons or entities designated by the individual) by removing the exceptions for CLIA-certified laboratories and CLIA-exempt laboratories from the provision that provides individuals with the right of access to their protected health information. These changes to the CLIA regulations and the HIPAA Privacy Rule provide individuals with a greater ability to access their health information, empowering them to take a more active role in managing their health and health care.

MeSH terms

  • Access to Information / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Clinical Laboratory Services / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Clinical Laboratory Services / standards
  • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act*
  • Humans
  • Medical Informatics / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Medical Informatics / standards
  • Privacy / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • United States