Feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary outcomes of a mindfulness-based relapse prevention intervention for culturally-diverse, low-income women in substance use disorder treatment

Subst Use Misuse. 2014 Apr;49(5):547-59. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2013.852587.

Abstract

We examined feasibility, acceptability, and benefits of a mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) intervention in a racially and ethnically diverse sample of 318 low-income women in substance use disorder treatment (2003-2006). The study used a single group, repeated measures design. Participant satisfaction was high (M = 3.4, SD = .3), but completion was modest (36%). Linear regressions examining change in addiction severity and psychological functioning by dosage showed that higher dosage was associated with reduced alcohol (β = -.07, p < .05), drug severity (β = -.04, p < .05), and perceived stress (β = -2.29, p < .05) at 12 months. Further research on MBRP efficacy for this population is warranted. The study's limitations are noted.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Behavior, Addictive / psychology
  • Behavior, Addictive / therapy*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mindfulness
  • Minority Groups
  • Poverty
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult