Aims: Renal disease is a frequent comorbidity of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and an important factor complicating the choice of glucose-lowering drugs. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor linagliptin (5 mg/day) in mono, dual or triple oral glucose-lowering regimens in subjects with T2DM and mild or moderate renal impairment (RI).
Methods: In this pooled analysis of three 24-week, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trials, subjects with mild (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 60-<90 ml/min/1.73 m(2) , n = 838) or moderate RI (30-<60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), n = 93) were compared with subjects with normal renal function (≥90 ml/min/1.73 m(2), n = 1212).
Results: Subjects with RI were older, had longer duration of diabetes, and increased prevalence of diabetes-related comorbidities. After 24 weeks, linagliptin achieved consistent placebo-corrected mean glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) changes across the three renal function categories: normal (-0.63%; p < 0.0001), mild RI (-0.67%; p < 0.0001) and moderate RI (-0.53%; p < 0.01), with no inter-group difference (p = 0.74). Renal function with linagliptin remained stable across all categories. In linagliptin-treated subjects, overall adverse event (AE) rates and serious AE rates were similar to placebo. The incidence of hypoglycaemia with linagliptin and placebo was 11.1 versus 6.9%, 11.9 versus 9.0% and 15.9 versus 12.0% in the normal, mild RI and moderate RI categories, respectively.
Conclusions: This pooled analysis provides evidence that linagliptin is an effective, well-tolerated and convenient treatment in subjects with T2DM and mild or moderate RI.
Keywords: DPP-4 inhibitor; diabetic nephropathy; glycaemic control; incretin therapy; type 2 diabetes.
© 2014 The Authors. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.