Predictors of chronic pain in traumatically injured hospitalized adult patients

J Trauma Nurs. Mar-Apr 2014;21(2):50-6. doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000032.

Abstract

It is unclear what causes chronic pain in traumatically injured hospitalized adults. A total of 101 patients admitted to a level 1 trauma center completed interviews during their inpatient stay and at 4 months, and data on biologic, psychologic, and sociologic variables were collected. Statistical analysis used hierarchical logistical regression,χ, and independent-samples t tests. Prevalence of chronic pain at 4 months was 79.2%. Those with chronic pain at 4 months had more posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and depression. High initial pain score was the only significant predictor of chronic pain. Initial pain intensity predicts chronic pain.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Chronic Pain / diagnosis
  • Chronic Pain / epidemiology*
  • Chronic Pain / therapy
  • Comorbidity
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Logistic Models
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Trauma / diagnosis
  • Multiple Trauma / epidemiology
  • Multiple Trauma / therapy
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Pain Measurement
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Registries
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Distribution
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Trauma Centers
  • Wounds and Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / therapy