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, 55 (6), 1096-109

DWARF3 Participates in an SCF Complex and Associates With DWARF14 to Suppress Rice Shoot Branching

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DWARF3 Participates in an SCF Complex and Associates With DWARF14 to Suppress Rice Shoot Branching

Jinfeng Zhao et al. Plant Cell Physiol.

Abstract

Strigolactones (SLs) are a novel class of plant hormones that inhibit shoot branching. Currently, two proteins in rice are thought to play crucial roles in SL signal transduction. DWARF14 (D14), an α/β hydrolase, is responsible for SL perception, while DWARF3 (D3), an F-box protein with leucine-rich repeats, is essential for SL signal transduction. However, how these two proteins transmit SL signals to downstream factors remains unclear. Here, we characterized a high-tillering dwarf rice mutant, gsor300097, which is insensitive to GR24, a synthetic analog of SL. Mapping and sequencing analysis showed that gsor300097 is a novel allelic mutant of D3, in which a nonsense mutation truncates the protein from 720 to 527 amino acids. The D3 gene was strongly expressed in root, leaf, shoot base and panicle. Nuclear-localized F-box protein D3 played a role in the SCF complex by interacting with OSK1, OSK5 or OSK20 and OsCullin1. In addition, D3 associated with D14 in a GR24-dependent manner in vivo. Taken together, our findings suggested that D3 assembled into an SCF(D3) complex and associated with D14 to suppress rice shoot branching.

Keywords: GR24; High-tillering dwarf; SCF complex; Shoot branching; Strigolactones.

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