Dynamic phosphorylation of HP1α regulates mitotic progression in human cells

Nat Commun. 2014 Mar 12;5:3445. doi: 10.1038/ncomms4445.


Heterochromatin protein 1α (HP1α), a key player in the establishment and maintenance of higher-order chromatin regulates key cellular processes, including metaphase chromatid cohesion and centromere organization. However, how HP1α controls these processes is not well understood. Here we demonstrate that post-translational modifications of HP1α dictate its mitotic functions. HP1α is constitutively phosphorylated within its amino terminus, whereas phosphorylation within the hinge domain occurs preferentially at G2/M phase of the cell cycle. The hinge-phosphorylated form of HP1α specifically localizes to kinetochores during early mitosis and this phosphorylation mediated by NDR1 kinase is required for mitotic progression and for Sgo1 binding to mitotic centromeres. Cells lacking NDR kinase show loss of mitosis-specific phosphorylation of HP1α leading to prometaphase arrest. Our results reveal that NDR kinase catalyses the hinge-specific phosphorylation of human HP1α during G2/M in vivo and this orchestrates accurate chromosome alignment and mitotic progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Mitosis / genetics
  • Mitosis / physiology*
  • Phosphorylation


  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • heterochromatin-specific nonhistone chromosomal protein HP-1