National Trends in Smoking Behaviors Among Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban Men and Women in the United States

Am J Public Health. 2014 May;104(5):896-903. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301844. Epub 2014 Mar 13.

Abstract

Objectives: We examined trends in smoking behaviors across 2 periods among Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans in the United States.

Methods: We analyzed data from the 1992-2007 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey. We constructed 2 data sets (1990s vs 2000s) to compare smoking behaviors between the 2 periods.

Results: Significant decreases in ever, current, and heavy smoking were accompanied by increases in light and intermittent smoking across periods for all Latino groups, although current smoking rates among Puerto Rican women did not decline. Adjusted logistic regression models revealed that in the 2000s, younger Mexicans and those interviewed in English were more likely to be light and intermittent smokers. Mexican and Cuban light and intermittent smokers were less likely to be advised by healthcare professionals to quit smoking. Mexicans and Puerto Ricans who were unemployed and Mexicans who worked outdoors were more likely to be heavy smokers.

Conclusions: Increases in light and intermittent smoking among Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban Americans suggest that targeted efforts to further reduce smoking among Latinos may benefit by focusing on such smokers.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acculturation
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Cuba / ethnology
  • Female
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexico / ethnology
  • Middle Aged
  • Puerto Rico / ethnology
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking / ethnology*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology