Mice depleted of the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor display normal spermatogenesis and an intact blood-testis barrier

Reproduction. 2014 Jun;147(6):875-83. doi: 10.1530/REP-13-0653. Epub 2014 Mar 13.


The coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CXADR (CAR)) is a cell adhesion molecule expressed mainly in epithelial cells. Numerous evidence indicate that CXADR has an important role in testis development and function of the blood-testis barrier (BTB) in vitro. The role of CXADR in testis physiology in vivo has, however, not been addressed. We therefore constructed a conditional CXADR knockout (cKO) mouse model in which CXADR can be depleted at any chosen timepoint by the administration of tamoxifen. We report for the first time that testicular depletion of CXADR in adult and pubertal mice does not alter BTB permeability or germ cell migration across the BTB during spermatogenesis. Adult cKO mice display normal junctional ultra-structure and localization of the junctional proteins claudin-3, occludin, junction-associated molecule-A (JAM-A), and ZO1. The BTB was intact with no leakage of biotin and lanthanum tracers into the tubular lumen. Adult CXADR cKO mice were fertile with normal sperm parameters and litter size. Breeding experiments and genotyping of the pups demonstrated that CXADR-negative sperm could fertilize WT eggs. In addition, knocking down CXADR from postnatal day 9 (P9) does not affect testicular development and BTB formation. These cKO mice were analyzed at P49 and P90 and display an intact barrier and uncompromised fertility. We conclude that CXADR possesses no direct role in testicular physiology in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Blood-Testis Barrier / metabolism*
  • Blood-Testis Barrier / ultrastructure
  • Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor-Like Membrane Protein / deficiency*
  • Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor-Like Membrane Protein / genetics
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Intercellular Junctions / metabolism
  • Litter Size
  • Male
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Permeability
  • Pregnancy
  • Sexual Maturation
  • Spermatogenesis*
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism*
  • Tight Junction Proteins / metabolism


  • CLMP protein, mouse
  • Coxsackie and Adenovirus Receptor-Like Membrane Protein
  • Tight Junction Proteins