Baseline predictors of central aortic blood pressure: a PEAR substudy

J Am Soc Hypertens. 2014 Mar;8(3):152-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jash.2013.12.008. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Abstract

Elevated central systolic blood pressure (BP) increases the risk of cardiovascular events and appears superior to peripheral BP for long term risk prediction. The objective of this study was to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with central pressures in patients with uncomplicated hypertension. We prospectively examined peripheral BP, central aortic BP, and arterial wall properties and wave reflection in 57 subjects with uncomplicated essential hypertension in the Pharmacogenomic Evaluation of Antihypertensive Responses (PEAR) Study. Significant predictors of central SBP included height, smoking status, heart rate (HR), and peripheral systolic BP (SBP), while central diastolic BP (DBP) was explained by peripheral DBP and HR. These variables accounted for nearly all of the variability in central SBP and central DBP (R(2) = 0.94 and R(2) = 0.98, respectively). Central pulse pressure variability was largely explained by gender, ex-smoking status, HR, peripheral SBP, and peripheral DBP (R(2) = 0.94). Central augmented pressure had a direct relationship with smoking status, peripheral SBP, and duration of hypertension, whereas it was indirectly related to height, HR, and peripheral DBP. Easily obtainable demographic and clinical factors are associated with central pressures in essential hypertensive persons. These relationships should be considered in future studies to improve assessment of BP to reduce cardiovascular risk and mortality.

Keywords: Hypertension; applanation tonometry; arterial pressure; blood pressure; cardiovascular disease; pulse wave analysis; vascular stiffness.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Aged
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Aorta / physiopathology*
  • Arterial Pressure / physiology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vascular Stiffness / physiology*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Antihypertensive Agents