Eponyms in cardiothoracic radiology: Part I. Neoplasms

Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. Mar-Apr 2014;43(2):91-8. doi: 10.1067/j.cpradiol.2013.12.003.


Eponyms serve the purpose of honoring individuals who have made important observations and discoveries. As with other fields of medicine, eponyms are frequently encountered in radiology, particularly in chest radiology. However, inappropriate use of an eponym may lead to potentially dangerous miscommunication. Moreover, an eponym may honor the incorrect person or a person who falls into disrepute. Despite their limitations, eponyms are still widespread in medical literature. Furthermore, in some circumstances, more than one individual may have contributed to the description or discovery of a particular anatomical structure or disease, whereas in others, an eponym may have been incorrectly applied initially and propagated for years in medical literature. Nevertheless, radiologic eponyms are a means of honoring those who have made lasting contributions to the field of radiology, and familiarity with these eponyms is critical for proper reporting and accurate communication. In addition, the acquisition of some historical knowledge about those whose names are associated with various structures or pathologic conditions conveys a sense of humanity in the field of medicine. In this article, the first of a multipart series, the authors discuss a number of chest radiology eponyms as they relate to neoplasms, including relevant clinical and imaging features, as well biographic information of the respective eponym׳s namesake.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article
  • Portrait
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Neoplasms / history
  • Castleman Disease / history
  • Eponyms*
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Hodgkin Disease / history
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Neoplasms / history*
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / history
  • Pancoast Syndrome / history
  • Radiography
  • Radiology / history*
  • Sarcoma, Ewing / history
  • Sarcoma, Kaposi / history

Supplementary concepts

  • Askin Tumor

Personal name as subject

  • Henry Khunrath Pancoast
  • Moritz Kaposi
  • Ross Golden
  • Frederic Askin
  • Friedrich D von Recklinghausen
  • Benjamin Castleman
  • Thomas Hodgkin