Determination of the bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and chemical composition of Brazilian blackberry, red raspberry, strawberry, blueberry and sweet cherry fruits

Food Chem. 2014 Aug 1:156:362-8. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.01.125. Epub 2014 Feb 13.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the chemical composition, identify the bioactive compounds and measure the antioxidant activity present in blackberry, red raspberry, strawberry, sweet cherry and blueberry fruits produced in the subtropical areas of Brazil and to verify that the chemical properties of these fruit are similar when compared to the temperate production zones. Compared with berries and cherries grown in temperate climates, the centesimal composition and physical chemical characteristics found in the Brazilian berries and cherries are in agreement with data from the literature. For the mineral composition, the analyzed fruits presented lower concentrations of P, K, Ca, Mg and Zn and higher levels of Fe. The values found for the bioactive compounds generally fit the ranges reported in the literature with minor differences. The greatest difference was found in relation to ascorbic acid, as all fruits analyzed showed levels well above those found in the literature.

Keywords: Antioxidant activity; Berry; Bioactive compounds; Cherry.

MeSH terms

  • Anthocyanins / analysis
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Ascorbic Acid / analysis*
  • Blueberry Plants / chemistry*
  • Brazil
  • Flavonoids / analysis
  • Fragaria / chemistry*
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Rosaceae / chemistry*
  • Rubus / chemistry*

Substances

  • Anthocyanins
  • Antioxidants
  • Flavonoids
  • Phenols
  • Ascorbic Acid