Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy/maculopathy (DR/DMac) and its associations with cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) in participants with prediabetes (PwPD) in a large European cohort within the population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS).
Methods: The study was based on a sub-cohort of the GHS (n=5,000, age: 35-74 y). Prediabetes was diagnosed according to HbA1c levels (5.7-6.4%). DR/DMac was graded from fundus photographs. Blood samples and comprehensive questionnaires served for evaluation of laboratory results and CRF.
Results: The prevalence of prediabetes was 22.4%, and of DR/DMac 8.1%/0.2%, respectively. The majority of participants had mild DR (7.2%). A percentage of 0.5 of PwPD presented with moderate and 0.3% with severe non-proliferative disease. None of the subjects had proliferative DR. No independent association was found between any of the analyzed CRF [hypertension, smoking, (family) history of myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, obesity, dyslipidemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, peripheral artery disease and chronic kidney disease] and DR.
Conclusions: Although prevalences of prediabetes and DR in this Caucasian cohort are considerable, retinopathy findings are mainly mild, and no association was found for DR/DMac and CRF.
Keywords: Cardiovascular risk factors; Diabetic maculopathy; Diabetic retinopathy; Prediabetes; Screening.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.