Background: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that plays a critical role in the development and progression of tumors. Various studies evaluating the prognostic value of HIF-1α in patients with lung cancer (LC) remain controversial. To comprehensively and quantitatively summarize the evidence on the effect of HIF-1α expression on the survival of patients with LC, a meta-analysis was carried out.
Material and methods: Electronic databases were used to identify published studies before August 31st, 2013. Studies were assessed for quality using REMARK. Data were collected comparing overall survival in patients with high HIF-1α expression with those with low expression.
Results: Totally, 13 papers including 1420 patients were subjected to final analysis. The combined hazard ratio (HR) was 1.60 (95% CI: 1.14-2.25, P=0.007), suggesting that high expression of HIF-1α was an indicator of poor prognosis. Further, when stratified by LC histological type (SCLC and NSCLC), study region (Asia and Europe), cut-off values (10%), tumor stage (I-III and I-IV), antibody for IHC (H1α67 and ESEE 122), and HR estimated method (univariate/multivariate analysis), most of the results were statistically significant.
Conclusions: Taken together, this meta-analysis revealed that HIF-1α overexpression might be a predicative factor of poor prognosis for NSCLC particularly in Asia.
Keywords: HIF-1α; Lung cancer; Meta-analysis; Prognosis.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.