Frozen shoulder - A stiff problem that requires a flexible approach

Maturitas. 2014 May;78(1):11-6. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.02.009. Epub 2014 Feb 28.


Frozen shoulder is a specific, painful and debilitating condition effecting patients mainly in middle age. While it has been recognised for over 100 years, it is still mis-diagnosed, with a natural history that is poorly understood and with limited evidence for the efficacy for various treatments. This review considers what is known about this common painful condition and the treatments available.

Keywords: Adhesive capsulitis; Arthroscopic release; Frozen shoulder; Hydrodilatation; Manipulation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bursitis / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Pain / therapy*
  • Range of Motion, Articular*
  • Shoulder / pathology*