Sorafenib dose escalation is not uniformly associated with blood pressure elevations in normotensive patients with advanced malignancies

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Jul;96(1):27-35. doi: 10.1038/clpt.2014.63. Epub 2014 Mar 17.


Hypertension after treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor inhibitors is associated with superior treatment outcomes for advanced cancer patients. To determine whether increased sorafenib doses cause incremental increases in blood pressure (BP), we measured 12-h ambulatory BP in 41 normotensive advanced solid tumor patients in a randomized dose-escalation study. After 7 days' treatment (400 mg b.i.d.), mean diastolic BP (DBP) increased in both study groups. After dose escalation, group A (400 mg t.i.d.) had marginally significant further increase in 12-h mean DBP (P = 0.053), but group B (600 mg b.i.d.) did not achieve statistically significant increases (P = 0.25). Within groups, individuals varied in BP response to sorafenib dose escalation, but these differences did not correlate with changes in steady-state plasma sorafenib concentrations. These findings in normotensive patients suggest BP is a complex pharmacodynamic biomarker of VEGF inhibition. Patients have intrinsic differences in sensitivity to sorafenib's BP-elevating effects.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Niacinamide / administration & dosage
  • Niacinamide / analogs & derivatives*
  • Niacinamide / pharmacokinetics
  • Phenylurea Compounds / administration & dosage*
  • Phenylurea Compounds / pharmacokinetics
  • Prospective Studies
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Sorafenib
  • Young Adult


  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Niacinamide
  • Sorafenib
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor