Cohort profile: project viva

Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Feb;44(1):37-48. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyu008. Epub 2014 Mar 16.


We established Project Viva to examine prenatal diet and other factors in relation to maternal and child health. We recruited pregnant women at their initial prenatal visit in eastern Massachusetts between 1999 and 2002. Exclusion criteria included multiple gestation, inability to answer questions in English, gestational age ≥22 weeks at recruitment and plans to move away before delivery. We completed in-person visits with mothers during pregnancy in the late first (median 9.9 weeks of gestation) and second (median 27.9 weeks) trimesters. We saw mothers and children in the hospital during the delivery admission and during infancy (median age 6.3 months), early childhood (median 3.2 years) and mid-childhood (median 7.7 years). We collected information from mothers via interviews and questionnaires, performed anthropometric and neurodevelopmental assessments and collected biosamples. We have collected additional information from medical records and from mailed questionnaires sent annually to mothers between in-person visits and to children beginning at age 9 years. From 2341 eligible women, there were 2128 live births; 1279 mother-child pairs provided data at the mid-childhood visit. Primary study outcomes include pregnancy outcomes, maternal mental and cardiometabolic health and child neurodevelopment, asthma/atopy and obesity/cardiometabolic health. Investigators interested in learning more about how to obtain Project Viva data can contact

Keywords: Pregnancy; childhood; cohort; nutrition; obesity.

Publication types

  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Weights and Measures*
  • Breast Feeding
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child Development*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Massachusetts / epidemiology
  • Mental Health*
  • Mothers*
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Prospective Studies
  • Spirometry