Knowledge, attitude, and practice of water-pipe smoking among medical students in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

J Pak Med Assoc. 2014 Feb;64(2):155-8.


Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of water-pipe smoking among medical students.

Methods: The cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaire was conducted at Rawalpindi Medical College, Rawalpindi, in 2011, and included all five batches of medical students. SPSS 17 was used for statistical analysis of the data.

Results: The final sample comprised 724 participants; 505 (69.7%) being female and 219 (30.2%) being male students. Besides, 625 (86.6%) participants knew about shisha smoking, and 140 (22.4%) reported to have smoked shisha. Curiosity (n = 44; 31.4%) and social trends (n = 41; 29.2%) were cited as main reasons for shisha smoking. Overall, 572 (91.5%) participants thought shisha was dangerous for health, with majority 261 (41.8%) believing it to be more dangerous than cigarettes.

Conclusions: There was awareness among medical students about the hazards of shisha smokng. Even then water-pipe smoking was relatively common among them.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Confidence Intervals
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Pakistan / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Students, Medical / psychology
  • Students, Medical / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult